Remembering back to how the Romans took the positive aspects of Greek architecture and used them in their society – the Japanese went with a similar peek into Chinese architecture. Their public buildings consisted of temples, shrines, pagodas, and shops. Shrines were located on isolated/sacred areas surrounded by the forces of mountains, forests, or water. They have a structure called a torii or in other words a main entrance gate. This was formed by two columns topped by two horizontal beams. Temples normally had a kairo (roofed corridor) and a chumon (middle gate). Temples had large central spaces with surrounding aisles. The Japanese also took a special interest in all the types of wood and wood color to create new combinations of the light and dark. The first photo below is of a Japanese Buddhist Temple, the second is of the Shrine at Ise in Tokyo, Japan, and the third is of the interior of ancient Japanese home (notice the dark wood beams).
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