Early Christian Architecture

Hey guess what? It’s time for Early Christian Architecture! Now do not sound so down…this is actually really cool.
Remember when we were studying temples in China and Japan: how the temples built were purposely constructed for individual worship. Well here comes along Jesus and the birth of Christianity and that all changes.
#1. Architecture now focuses on large congregational gatherings for worship and ritual.
#2. Most churches follow the Roman basilica plan with a main entrance opening into a large colonnaded forecourt leading to a porch which then again gives access to a nave.
#3. Walls are made of plain brick or stone. Windows are either arched or rectangular.
#4. Roofs are gabled and domed. Floors are made of marble.
#5. They use reused Roman columns or new classicizing columns to carry the arcade.
#6. Here are the main parts to an Early Christian church: a clerestory window, a triumphal arch, decorative mosaics, an altar, an apse, an arcade, a screen, a nave, and marble flooring.


Reconstruction of the Old Basilica of Saint Peter in Italy








Photo inside Saint Apollinaire in Classe from Italy









Photo of the central area of Saint Costanza from Rome, Italy

Exterior photo of Saint Lorenzo Fuori le Mura from Rome, Italy










Exterior photo of Saint Paolo Fuori le Mura (Fuori le Mura means outside the walls).

Thanks for reading,

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