Romanesque Architecture


Romanesque Architecture first pops up in Europe as a means to grapple with problems of providing larger, structurally stable churches to house crowds of worshippers, extravagant lighting, and have “a form of” fire resistance.
Some characteristics associated alongside the Romanesque time period (8th century- 1150 C.E.) are listed below:

#1. Exterior and interior elements focus highly on order, unity, readability, and monumentality.
#2. Types of buildings: Churches, monasteries, town houses, farm houses, and castles.
#3. Buildings are placed along trade routes or around town centers.
#4. Materials used: masonry (again to the fire prevention), wooden ceilings – mainly just rock because they could not carry them far -funny how the prehistoric people found out how…weird.
#5. Round arches are a major hit among the community.
#6. Featured archivolts which are arch moldings.
#7. Parts to remember from top to bottom of a Romanesque church: the tower, a few clustered columns, a parapet, then images of religious figures, some round arches, a tympanum with sculpture, and finally a central entrance next to flanking side entrances.

Below, in order, is the Abbey from France, the Pisa Cathedral from Italy, the Saint Madeleine in France, Romanesque Capitals, and the Saxon Church.












Thanks for reading,


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