American Colonial: England Architecture

ON TO THE NEW WORLD! English colonists who settle the eastern seaboard, reproduce the houses and furnishings they knew at home. Although settlement patterns are differenct in the South and New England, house types and furnishings are similar with some regional differences.

Architectural Characteristics:
–earliest shelters are primitive, consisting of dugouts, wigwam forms with chimneys and small huts of wattle and daub with thatched roofs
–building are mostly dwellings, meeting houses, collegiate buildings, roadhouses and inns
–houses are located near a source of water and/or transportation routes for crops
–church plans reflect worship patterns with the nave and altar being the center of attention
–materials used: made of timber and are not painted
–houses typically consist of a rear door, small casement windows, a fireplace, a summer beam, a hall, an entry with steep stairs, and a main entry door
–when the houses got larger for multiple families you added a kitchen, bedrooms, parlors, an oven and area set off specifically for storage
–facades are plain, not divided into bays, although additions to moldings and door rounds are common
–windows and doors are tiny and placed only where they are needed and covered with shutters
–roofs are gabled or are gambrel roofs (two pitches on either side os a ridge) and are thatched or have shingles

Below are examples of their architecture: Old State House, the Adam Thoroughbred house, Bacon’s Castle, the Paul Revere House, and the Parson Capon House.

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