The Le Regence and Louis XV (Rococo) time period lasted from 1701 -1760.
Rococo is the symbolic style fo the French aristocracy in the first half of the 18th century. The name comes from rocaille meaning small rockeries often found in grottoes and coquille meaning cockleshell.
Louis XIV dies in 1715 and his grandson takes over power at the age of five, but cannot yet lead until the age of thirteen. The Duc d’Orleans rules while the boy matures and tries to bring back financial and social restoration. However from the first day Louis XV is ruler, he wants nothing to do with politics and in a lack of words “is disinterested.” Pursuing pleasure, Louis XV’s reign sends his people down a highly taxed, war torn, corrupted, and mismanaged road. No matter the influences of Louis XV, the architecture still managed to be beautiful and pleasurable to “our” eyes.
Here are some things you should know about the Rococo time period:
1. continues the classicism of the Baroque era, but with an increased elegance and lightness in scall and appearance
2. types: hotels called town houses built in paris for the aristocracy
3. relationships: hotels are sited at the rear of large plots of land in the city
4. forecourts with majestic gates for entry are popular
5. floor plans: symmetrical with rectangular rooms, provide forms of comfort and privacy, and contain center of organization called appartements (suites of rooms)
6. materials: local stone and a trabeated construction
7. facades: scale suited for the nobility, symmetrical, emphasis on centers or ends, unity and articulation
8. windows: rectangular or arched windows which have simple lintels above them, curvilinear ironwork with balconies
9. doors: doorways are located as centerpieces and are surrounded with columns, pediments, coats of arms and other ornamentation
10. roofs: mansard, hipped, or low-pitched or flat roofs with balustrades are typical
Below are a few examples of Le Regence and Louis XV (Rococo) Architecture: