English Neo-Palladian and Georgian Architecture

Neo-Palladian comes from the Whig party appointing themselves the deciding factor of taste for the nation. They believed that rational, correct, and polite should define English architecture and therefore promoted Neo-Palladian as the only proper style.

The Georgian name comes from the time period encompassed by the reigning George I, George II, and George III from 1714-1820.

Remember these items below about the architecture:

1. Elements and ornamentation are classical, and compositions are symmetrical, horizontal, and feature classical repose.
2. The Neo-Palladian style almost exclusively falls domestic, defining numerous country houses and affecting smaller dwellings and town houses.
3. Private Buildings types include country and town houses.
4. Site Orientation is irregular and gardens are wild in nature.
5. The typical rectangular house is the main building shape.
6. Town houses are normally three stories high, one or more rooms wide, and two rooms deep.
7. Materials for structures are brick, local stone, or stucco.
8. Color is a highlight of the time showing social status and variation.
9. Facades are either a temple front or a pedimented portico at the center.
10. Windows are less complicated and doors now have raised and recessed panels.
11. Roofs are low pitched hipped or flat with balustrades.
12. They are also fond of octagonal domes and entry staircases.

Here are some examples of Neo-Palladian and Georgian Architecture:

1. Saint Martin in the Fields Church

2.Christ Church in Spitalfields, London

3. Chiswick House by Lord Burlington and William Kent

4. Houghton Hall in Norfolk

5. Marble Hill House in Twickenham

6. Strawberry Hill in Twickenham for Sir Horace Walpole

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