American Georgian Architecture

1700’s-1780’s
Democracy and Independence mark the age of the American Georgian architectural style. Colonists seek to govern themselves, more or less, because they dislike Britain’s attempts at control. With the governmental system comes a rise in population: by 1753, 1.5 million people call America home. With the growth came new government facilities, religious buildings, and larger domestic structures.

The main thing to notice of this time period is that regional manifestations decline dramatically. In other words, the country is becoming united in building style and characteristics.

Those characteristics include:
1. government and educational public structures
2. churches: which find a common form and design vocabulary
3. government centers and churches are placed along major transportation routes
4. Latin cross floor plan toward the South, centralized in the North
5. wood, brick, and stone are the main building materials
6. increasing classical detail to facades
7. sash windows are typical, churches have round arched windows
8. classical details define doorways
9. roofs are hipped or gable roofs. DOMES ARE RARE.

Photos Below represent: 1. the Raleigh Tavern in Williamsburg, Virginia. 2. the Faneuil Hall in Boston, Massachusetts. 3. Saint Paul’s Church in Halifax, Nova Scotia. 4. the Redwood Library in Newport, Rhode Island. 5. Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 6. Vassall-Longfellow House in Cambridge, Massachusetts. 7. the Tryon Palace in New Bern, North Carolina.






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