HISTORY BEHIND THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
The Industrial Revolution (1820-1870) was of great importance to the economic development of the United States. The first Industrial Revolution occurred in Great Britain and Europe during the late eighteenth century. The Industrial Revolution then centered on the United States and Germany.
The Industrial Revolution itself refers to a change from hand and home production to machine and factory. The first industrial revolution was important for the inventions of spinning and weaving machines operated by water power which was eventually replaced by steam, helped increase America’s growth.
The Embargo Act of 1807 and the War of 1812 were the two items that truly entered America into the Industrial Revolution. The Results? much public outrage and the passage of the Embargo Act which stopped the export of American goods and effectively ended the import of goods from other nations. Eventually, America went to war with Great Britain in 1812. The war made it apparent that America needed a better transportation system and more economic independence. Therefore, manufacturing began to expand.
Industrialization in America involved three important developments. First, transportation was expanded. Second, electricity was effectively harnessed. Third, improvements were made to industrial processes such as improving the refining process and accelerating production. The government helped protect American manufacturers by passing a protective tariff.
ARCHITECTURAL HIGHLIGHTS TO REMEMBER
Factories are a major architectural monument to the Industrial Revolution. These buildings were built large and capable of exporting and importing the factories’ needs. Not so much as the workers’ needs.
Multiple stories was common alongside the brick construction or stone construction.
Enlongated chimneys extended from the tops of buildings to release the smoke the factories emitted. Resulting in the iconic smoke stack image below.
FURNITURE OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION!