Second Empire: 1855-1885
Rococo Revival: 1845 – 1870
Following the defeat of Napoleon I in 1812, France remains unsettled. A series of governments, beginning with Louis XVI’s brother, neither solves problems nor resolves conflicts.
An international architectural style, Second Empire is inspired by the New Louvre and the Tuileries palaces. Although some elements have precedents in French architecture, the boldness and richness presented by the facades reflect 19th-century architectural preferences.
Design Characteristics to Remember:
1. Past styles inspire Second Empire and Rococo Revival.
2. Second Empire adopts a bold, three-dimensional classicism along with elements of French Renaissance. Rococo Revival uses French Baroque of the 17th century as models.
3. Second Empire: the definitive characteristic is a mansard roof, which is combined with other elements. These common architectural components include wall and/or roof dormers, stringcourses, columns, sculpture in high relief, and classical details.
4. Rococo Revival: Like its 18th century predecessor, curves and nautralistic ornament characterize Rococo Revival furniture, finishes, and decorative assessories, as well as wallpapers and carpets.
5. types: commercial offices, government offices, town halls, retail structures, theaters, and grand hotels.
6. site orientation: buildings sit along streets in promineent locations in cities
7. Floor plans are usually symmetrical with formal planning reflecting the function of the building.
8. materials: stone, granite, marble, brownstone, brick and iron.
9. facades: formal and majestic with projecting centers and ends defined by paired columns or pilasters in the traditional French manner.
10. windows: two-over-two windows are the most common. rectangular or arched. have pediments, lintels, hood moldings, or a combination.
11. doors: columns, porches, pediments, and changes in shape emphasize major doorways
12. roofs: distinctively mansard in style
Below are some examples of Second Empire, Rococo Revival architecture!
Furniture! Oh YEAH BUDDY!
Like its prototype, Rococo Revival furniture has a curving silhoette, cabriole legs, and natrualistic ornament, but in contrast to its predecessor, it is large and heavier with symmetrical, carved decoration and pierced work. Coil springs ARE FINALLY HERE!
1. Types: parlor sets and bedroom suites are typical, dining tables and sideboards are less common. New are balloon-back chairs!
2. Distinctive Features: Curves, C and S scrolls, cabriole legs, and carved, naturalistic ornament distinquish Rococo Revival from others.
3. Relationships: migrates outward from its earlier position lining the walls and in contrast to earlier times, remains there when not in use.
4. materials: dark woods are POP-U-LAR!
5. Seating: parlor sets have a sofa, a gentlemen’s chair that is larger, more throne-like, a smaller lady’s chair with a wider seat and three or more wall or side chairs.
6. tables: convoluted shapes and lavishly carved naturalistic motifs are common on expensive tables
Now enjoy some examples of Second Empire, Rococo Revival furniture!!!! WEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE-HOOOOOOOOOO!
Symbols and Motifs:
Motifs common in Second Empire are columns, swags, cartouches, pediments, and relief sculpture. Rococo Revival motifs include C and S scrolls, female masks, vines, shells, grapes, roses, flowers, leaves, acorns, nuts, and birds.
Rococo Revival interiors have many accessories. Sitting on mantels or shelves of the etagere are Parian ware busts, allegorical figures, and classical sculpture, porcelain figurines and vases with curving forms and embellishment, boxes, jars, clocks, candlesticks, and girandoles. Vases or dried flowers under tall glass domes highlight consoles and tabletops. Numerous etchings, engravings, lithographs, and painting hang on walls supspended by decorative ropes.