Monthly Archives: August 2011

The Bauhaus

1919-1933 The Bauhaus, an innovative German school of art and design, strives to unite art, craftsmanship, technology in an aesthetic expression that reflects modern industrial life. Founded in 1919 by Walter Gropius, the school uses a foundations course and workshop … Continue reading

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De Stijl

1917-1931 De Stijl, or The Style, is an art and design movement founded in Holland by painters and architects around 1917. The movement strives to express universal concepts through elimination, reduction, abstraction, simplification, and a dynamic asymmetrical balance of rectangles, … Continue reading

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Modern Forerunners

1900-1920’s At the beginning of the 20th century, certain architects advance the search for a modern architecture to express the spirit of a new age. Industrialization continues unabated in Europe during the early 20th century. This is particularly evident in … Continue reading

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Chicago School

1880’s-1910’s The Chicago School comprises an intellectually elite group of progressive architects in late-19th-century Chicago, Illinois. They introduce the skyscraper, a new building type for the new 20th century. This multistory structure establishes a new design language for commercial buildings … Continue reading

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Vienna Secession

1897-1920’s Vienna Secession strives to create a modern style devoid of historicism and free of academic stagnation. Founded in 1897, in Vienna, Austria, by a group of artists, sculptors, architects, and designers. Rejecting the more flamboyant Art Nouveau expressions, the … Continue reading

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Art Nouveau

1880’s-1910’s Art Nouveau is a complex, eclectic international movement that comprises various styles in Europe and North America. It has two general trends, one is a stylized organic, curvilinear form called Art Nouveau. The second, more rectilinear, geometric, and abstract … Continue reading

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Shingle Style and American Arts and Crafts

1880’s-1930’s The Shingle Style, unique to architecture in the United States, evolves from architects’ explorations of New England’s Colonial architecture combined with aspects of the English Queen Anne Style. Buildings are irregular, rambling, picturesque, and covered with wood shingles. The … Continue reading

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