The Bauhaus

1919-1933

The Bauhaus, an innovative German school of art and design, strives to unite art, craftsmanship, technology in an aesthetic expression that reflects modern industrial life.

Founded in 1919 by Walter Gropius, the school uses a foundations course and workshop experiences to train students in theory and form, materials, and methods of fabrication.

Although the school has no architecture department until it moves to Dessau in 1925, commissions by Gropius afford opportunities for collaboration in keeping with teh goals of the school. Buildings are simple, functional, and industrial. Devoid of any applied ornament, they often appear asymmetrical and three dimensional, such that one must experience the building from all sides.

DEAR SIR, PLEASE REMEMBER THE FOLLOWING POINTS:
1. Types: schools, offices, and government buildings.
2. Architects orient buildings so that they recieve the most sun exposure to take advantage of natural light.
3. Structures sit on flat plains of grass. SHUN TREES…SHUN.
4. The most important construction materials include steel, glass, and reinforced concrete, sometimes a brick masonry applied on the face of the concrete.
5. Exteriors are plain, simple, and unornamented.
6. Windows may be fixed in grid patterns.
7. Entry doors are often recessed and integrate into the overall building composition.
8. Roofs are mainly flat.

ENJOY A CUP OF TEA AND A GANDER AT THE IMAGES BELOW PLEASE:





Furniture:
Unornamented and radically different from other examples, Bauhaus furnishings suit Bauhaus concepts of the modern home. Designs stress simplicity, functionality, excellent construction, and hygienic industrial materials.

1. Furniture is lightweight and space saving.
2. Standardization of form and interchangeable parts are key design considerations.
3. Furnishings are movable to support flexible arrangements.
4. Leading designers are: Marcel Breuera and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.
5. Designs, of of metal, are simple and functional with no applied ornament or historical style.
6. Steel in tubular components or thin strips or sheets takes precedent over wood.






Symbols and Motifs: There is no vocabulary for motifs because buildings are generally unadorned. Some architects include unique architectural details that are a part of the building structure.

Decorative Arts: After 1923, the metals workshop produces many ash trays, tea and coffee services, kettles, dresser sets, and pitchers in brass, bronze, and silver. Forms are simple and geometric with no applied ornament.





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