1900’s – 1960’s
Scandinavian Modern refers to a specific architecture and design from Denmark, Sweden, Finland, and Norway in the early 20th century. Although adopting elements of Bauhaus and International Style modernism, expressions are simple, functional, often minimal, yet incorporate a concern for the individual and an emphasis upon natural materials.
Remember these facts:
1. Scandinavian designers and architects are less concerned with design theory than practical and social humanitarian matters.
2. Common to Scandinavian design are simplicity, human scale, modesty, practicality, elegance, and excellent craftsmanship.
3. They carry traditions of the environment or landscape, respect for materials, and natural materials.
4. National Romanticism and Neoclassicism dominate architecture
5. A spare and stripped down appearance defines the style, although classical ordering and some classical elements, such as columns, may appear.
6. Common attributes to look for: a copper roof, uneven brick facade, irregular grouping of buildings, administration offices around a courtyard, stairs to courtyard.
7. Common building types include railway terminals, churches, libraries, town halls, houses, and public housing.
8. Plans may be simple or interlocking rectangles.
Now please enjoy some photot below to better understand the Scandinavian Modern style:
Scandinavian furniture ranges from totally handmade to completely mass-produced, with varying increments between the two. As the countries industrialize, especially after World War II, furniture design evolves as a collaborative effort between designers, artisans, and manufacturers, a concept that arises from strong craft and cabinetmaker organizations.
1. Furniture designers view themselves as artists to industry. They do not feel compelled to incorporate machine or industrial imagery into their work.
2. Furniture can be categorized into three categories: designs inspired by traditional forms which are simplified, furniture designed by architects for their projects to achieve total unity, or experiments with new materials and construction techniques.
3. Types: well known for their lounge and dining chairs and storage units
4. Features: translates modern design concepts into wood with clean lines, practicality, and a modest approach.
5. Relationships: Furniture relates to interiors in form, material, and concept.
6. tubular metal, wood, and plywood are popular materials (plywood because it can easily be bent and shaped).
Now check out some Sveet (sah-vah-e-e-tah) photos of Scandinavian furniture:
Symbols and Motifs:
Purely modern expressions often have no or minimal applied ornament or decoration, so there are few motifs, except stylized foliage and plants, associated with them. National Romanticism adapts and stylizes Scandinavian plants and foliage for decoration.
Designers create beauty in everyday objects in ceramics, glass, metal, and wood. Architects, such as Aalto and Jacobsen, design lighting, glass, and other decorative objects either for specific interiors or mass production.